Cycladic Islands plants and herbs – Greece

Cycladic islands are popular all over the world as the ideal holiday destination, especially those worth exploring by sailing boat, allowing visitor to get to know many islands. The sea is the protagonist of the sailing excursion, but the visitor must not be absent from contact with the unique landscapes and products of these islands, where the origins of the first Hellenic civilizations were found and where you can nowadays find rare gastronomy. It consists of local products and herbs that create a unique tradition.

A mixture of bright sunlight, a salty breeze and strong winds are the nature's gift for plants and animals in the islands. On the Cycladic Islands, you can find many indigenous plants with specific characteristics. Its flavor is more intense due to the Cycladic microclimate and thus gives an additional taste to food.

On a yacht cruise, apart from enjoying the sea, a visitor can hike and get to know the local flora as well as a large number of endemic species. Dry stone walls prevent the soil from eroding. This primeval land in the Mediterranean Sea contains a large biological diversity of plants and animals. In each of the islands, sunshine and stones have no balance in the rain with the aroma of herbs, vineyards and olives that grow on these barren lands, located in the middle of the Aegean Sea. These special environmental conditions make the islands a unique location where you can find organic products.

The chosen traveler can then choose plants and herbs and dry them out. The most suitable and healthiest parts of plants (leaves, flowers, stems and roots) are hand-picked during the season appropriate for each plant and always according to tradition. The assembly areas are far from any human activity. This provides an excellent opportunity for visitors and their children to communicate instantly while respecting and developing nature, an important factor for our well-being. As a result, these islands provide both adults and children an enjoyable hobby to gather and learn about plants and herbs. All products can be used in gastronomy, and have therapeutic properties and other uses.

The most distinguished products are:

Capers or Spanos cabaris:

The plant is best known for its edible flower buds (capers), and is often used as a spice, and fruit (cape berries), both of which are usually consumed pickled. Other types of Capparis are also picked up with C. spinosa for their sprouts or fruits. Other parts of the Capparis plants are used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. It is cultivated during the summer on the rocks, along the stone land near the sea with strong sunlight and moisture. The Cyclades Islands are the perfect place for this plant.

Pickled and pickled capers are often used (simply called capers) as a seasoning or appetizer. Capers are a common ingredient in Mediterranean cuisine, especially Cypriot, Italian and Maltese. The ripe fruit of the capers is similarly prepared and marketed as capers.

Buds, when ready to choose, are dark green olive and the size of a fresh corn kernel. They are picked up, then pickled in salt, or a solution of salt and vinegar, and drained. An intense flavor is developed and mustard oil (glucocapparin) is released from all capers. This enzymatic reaction creates a routine, often seen as white crystalline spots on the surfaces of individual capers.

Curative properties

Diuretic properties, kidney antiseptics, stimulants and aphrodisiac. Although it is calorie-free, it contains a variety of vitamins, antioxidants, aromatic substances, and appetites.

Wild thyme, coridothymus capitatus

It is also called "Spanish Seasoning". It has a similar aroma and properties with flavoring. It is considered one of the best foods for bees and honey produced in regions where the abundance of thyme is of excellent quality. Thyme leaves are rectangular and soft. The flowers are pink and rarely white. It can be consumed fresh or dried.

It was a symbol of ancient Greek deities Ares and Aphrodite who represented power, war and love. They used thyme to add smell to cheese and wine and were very fond of thyme honey. Also use it as a mild soothing drink that can be healthy. It is also used to burn thyme to repel poisonous reptiles and scorpions.

Curative properties

Besides cooking uses, thyme is known for its beneficial properties.

It is used to calm bronchitis, acute cough, breathing problems and influenza. It is also used for tonsillitis and pharyngitis. Helps treat asthma. It is used as a tea to treat sputum and ground, and mix it with vinegar. It is a diuretic and helps treat infections of the bladder and urinary tract.

It calms the stomach, has anti-aging properties and helps to strengthen mental health. It is excellent for stimulating the immune system and is very effective in treating teeth.

Thyme is used as an antioxidant in foods and as a spice. It contains aromas of olive oil, olives, pickles, vinegar, salt, beans, vegetables, salads, sauces and soups, giving a delicious taste. Marinades meat, poultry and fish.

A handful of dried thyme in a warm bath is useful for rheumatoid pain. Designed with high density, thyme tea can be used as compresses to treat eye spots.

A natural solution might be a very effective alternative to treating acne.

St. John's wort or conditioner oil

It was named St. John's wort because, along with other botanical advice, St. John used it as food when in dessert. Another version of the origin of the name is the fact that the plant blooms around St. John the Baptist on June 24.

Curative properties

St. John's wort is believed to be:

Antidepressant, sedative, antispasmodic, and helps improve sleep quality during insomnia times. According to several international scientific studies, the effect of St. John's wort on depression is a positive one. According to the tradition, balsam oil was used as a treatment for stomach ulcers.

External use, light scrub or apply local corrections with saturated gauze

A calming sensation and a healing aid for burns and wounds.

Activator and catalyst for the debilitating systems.

Soothing and relieving bronchitis, cough and asthma.

Emmenagogue and organizational periods.

Diuretic. Cramp remover.

Antipyretic and analgesic

Lavender (Lavandola Stokes)

They are the most popular cultivated species. Her leg bears oblong leaves covered with fine hair and is intensely aromatic. Lavender flowers are small in size, usually in violet color. It has been known since ancient times. The ancient Romans used lavender for cooking, but also for the smell of clothes, bed sheets, and bathrooms. The word lavender is derived from the Latin lavar (for washing).

Therapeutic properties and use.

It can be used fresh or dry. Lavender essential oil is used in perfumes, soaps, and for treating nervous debility. As mentioned, it also has antiseptic properties and is therefore used to treat injuries and burns.

According to folk medicine, lavender is convulsive, diuretic and antiseptic.

Wild lavender was used to prepare a powerful therapeutic oil that has had wide use in past times; karabachi, which was also used as a cosmetic product. It was also used in cases of skin diseases as a massage oil.

Aromatherapists use lavender to treat all skin problems, including psoriasis.

Herbs have antiseptic, antibacterial, menstrual, analgesic, relaxing, soothing, antispasmodic, blood-thinning, stimulant, recombinant, yellow-stimulating properties, anti-rheumatic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-obesity in some cases of poisoning.

It works against coughing, asthma, whooping cough and sore throat.

A few drops of essential oil applied to the bed pillows can fight insomnia.

Lavender oil can also calm the pain. Painful areas can be massaged with a few drops of lavender oil diluted with olive oil. Reduced in the bathroom can help with vaginitis. Lavender flowers are used to smell clothes and protect them from mites.

Lavender is used in sweet and savory dishes, and in a boiled form that also contains honey, it is exceptionally stimulant in cases of fatigue and weakness.

In cooking it can be used in conjunction with other aromatic plants such as thyme, fennel, rosemary, and oregano to season meat, poultry, and fish. It combines well with lemon. In general, it is suitable for all citrus fruits, as it reduces their acidity. As a result, less sugar is needed for citrus-based recipes.

It is also used in distillery and bakery.

Greek Sage (Salvia Foticosa)

Sub-shrub with woody stems and gray-green oval leaves. She has white / purple / pink flowers that form clusters. The name of the plant is derived from the Latin verb "salvare", which means "conservation"; thus it is the rescued plant. It is thought to be an almost magic solution.

Curative properties

It is used as a spice and as a preservative in the food and oil industry. It gives smell to poultry, meat, fish, pasta and legumes. It helps in treating tonsillitis, gingivitis, mouth ulcers and bad breath. It is anti-itch and stops diarrhea and is effective against sore throats and headaches.

Sage contains a number of substances that fight vaginal yeast infection. It helps in memory and British scientists confirmed that the sage impedes the action of the enzyme that destroys acetylcholine, which leads to maintaining the complex that prevents Alzheimer's disease.

Rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory materials. It helps relieve symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome and rheumatoid diseases.

In the case of tonsillitis and mouth ulcers, warm gurg is injected with heating made with 2-3 teaspoons of dried sage from each cup of boiling water.


It is hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathered leaves. It is a very fragrant and delicious herb with cooking and medicinal uses, and along with anise the same taste, is one of the essential ingredients of absinthe. Florence or Venuschio fennel is a group with a bulb-shaped bulb stem used for vegetables.

Therapeutic properties and use

Dried fennel seeds are often used in cooking as an flavoring anise flavor. Dried fennel seeds and oil are used to make the medicine. Fennel is used in many digestive system problems such as heartburn, intestinal gas, bloating, loss of appetite and cramping in infants. It is also used to treat upper respiratory infections, coughs, bronchitis, cholera, backache, bedwetting, and visual problems.

Some women use fennel to increase the flow of breast milk, encourage menstruation, reduce childbirth, and increase sex drive.

In foods and drinks, fennel oil is used as a flavoring agent.


It is a small shrub with multi-branch stems covered with small green-gray oval leaves and white or pink flowers. The Greeks and Romans held oregano as a symbol of joy and happiness. In the Mediterranean climate, the oregano plant grows in its habitat in many areas with a different aroma in a different cultivation area. In Cyclades, the dry climate, sea and easy sun develop the unique flavors of Cycladic oregano.

Whenever possible, you can choose fresh spices in the form of dried herbs since they are superior in flavor. Fresh thyme leaves should look refreshing and be vibrant green, while the stems should be firm.

Therapeutic properties and use

The warm, balsamic and aromatic flavor of oregano makes it an ideal addition to Mediterranean cuisine. In foods and drinks, thyme is used as a cooking seasoning and food preservative. Origano is used for respiratory disorders such as coughing, asthma, diphtheria and bronchitis. It is also used for digestive disorders (GI) such as heartburn and bloating. Other uses include treating menstrual cramps, rheumatoid arthritis, urinary tract disorders including urinary tract infections (UTIs), headache and heart disease.

Oregano contains chemicals that may help reduce coughing and cramps. Oregano may aid digestion by increasing the outflow of bile and fighting some bacteria, viruses, fungi, intestinal worms, and other parasites.

Other products

Don't forget to taste and take with you the traditional products of the Cycladic Islands, which focus on all natural juices. Local honey has an intense aroma of thyme. Cheese, lamb and herbal fodder (local plants and shrubs, mostly aromatic and indigenous) are absolutely delicious. Santorini fava has a particularly strong flavor due to soil and special weather conditions as well as the range of plants. Choose the wine of your choice from a long list of high-quality local wines. This great diversity is due to a variety of grapes, dry and organic farming.

In the local markets as well as in the nature of the islands, you will discover many products or simple souvenirs (stone, pebble, fruit just captured from a tree) which will cause great fun and happy memories for a future visit.

Discover plants and herbs from the Greek islands while sailing Greece with a charter yacht.