Roatan – Caribbean island. It's part of Honduras, which is about fifty miles from the north coast of mainland Honduras. Roatan has a colorful past, which is woven into the stories about Indians, invaders, pirates, buried gold, as well as a combination of races and languages.
When Columbus in 1502 found a nearby island for guano named, the islands were already inhabited. Artifacts and caves, which have left the former residents remain today. Other Spanish explorers came after Columbus. Spaniards began to dig for gold and silver in the mainland of Honduras.
They enslaved immemorial, Indians and slaves brought from Africa to work in the mines. Spaniards have created a platform for livestock food production for miners.
Both Spanish and English settlers arrived in Roatan. William Kleyburn Virginia received a patent for the company's Providence, which allowed him to create a colony on a small island in 1638.
Through Gandurasski Bay moved quite a lot of Spanish ships, and there Raatane Spanish settlements. Pirates attacked the ship and went around the settlements.
Van Horn, a Dutchman, to conduct a search in the Spanish-Indian settlements in 1639. British and French pirates and terrorized territory. In 1642 British raiders from modern Belize occupied the old Port Royal in Roatan, which is located just east of the modern Port Royal. These days on the small island there are many white offspring with English names and heritage.
The Spaniards, who sought to deprive the area of the pirates, so they peaceful manner transported gold of the New World to Spain attacked Port Royal with four warships under the command of Francisco Vilyalvy Toledo in 1650. Pirates successfully defended Port Royal, Roatan, forcing the Spaniards to return to the mainland to strengthen. When the pirates were completely listed and as a result of heavy fighting they were conquered by the pirates. The Spaniards gathered the remaining Indians on the island and moved them to Guatemala.
In 1742, the British once again settled on Roatan. Major Caulfield ruled island. His letter, Mr. Trelary, Governor of Jamaica, documents the efforts of Spain to return to Roatan. English settlement, attracted Geographer to His Majesty, Thomas Zhefrys, including human settlements, which today bear the same name. Kalketa hole has been shown with a hole, but it is now called Coxen Hall. Coxen Hole – the biggest village on Roatan. Farmut Harbut now called Oak Ridge.
In March 1782 the British lost Roatan. Spaniards stationed troops and guns against the fort and defeated the British. The Spaniards destroyed about 500 homes. Angliytsy completely abandoned the island in 1788. In 1797 the British forced about 5,000 black Caribs from the small island of St. John Vincent, moving them from one island to another, and finally leaving them on Roatan. Black Caribbean – a mixture of African descent, as well as the Caribbean and Arawak Indians.
From 1827 to 1834, Europeans began to settle from Roatan, when in 1833 the English colonies banned slavery and the soil on the Grand Cayman Islands was exhausted cotton economy, some English seven & # 39; and left Grand Cayman and Roatan and settled on ur scrap. Many of the descendants of Joseph Cooper, one of the settlers of the scrap, still live on the wreck.
Something & # 39; I'm Jackson, a rich and influential family & # 39; I Raatane, comes from the south in the United States in 1800, comes from the soldier Confederation, who refused to surrender to the Union. Southern accent is still evident in their vocabulary.
Somewhere around two hundred white people lived in the "old Koksenskim Okay" in 1840. Ten years later, the island's population had grown to 5 or 6 thousand. In 1852, the British government turned to Her Majesty, Queen Victoria with a request to establish a Roatan, along with other islands to become a British colony. The United States voted against, referring to the signed agreement on the establishment of the Panama Canal, which is banned by the United States of America and the UK to create a new colony in the Western Hemisphere & # 39; and.
In 1859, Britain gave up power over the islands Bay. Republic of Honduras adopted the Bay Islands as a "Departemente de las Islas de la Bahia", officially making the island a part of Honduras. A few years after coming to power Gonduranav islanders British origin continued to demand the British nationality, although those born in Honduras since 1861, according to the law with the & # 39 are Ganduranam.
Although Spanish with & # 39; is the national language and razmavlyaetstsa on Roatan, the English language is also living on Roatan. Roatan – is a colorful mixture of people, languages and cultures. Today, tourism is a & # 39 is the main thing Roatan. Cruise ships and planes bring thousands of visitors annually. Roatan is known worldwide for its scuba diving.
The Legend Continues ghosts of the past epoch. Ghosts or "durapy" are reported to have been seen by many locals. They say that the funeral gold Zab men & # 39; e person leaving his body with gold, to "watch" for gold. After generations of ghost, reportedly tired to watch and give someone directions on how to find gold. If these instructions are executed precisely, the man who is looking for can find gold. One local tells the story of a ghost that blows in his ear when he was after midnight in the remote desert of crab hunter.
History "Roatan" rich, from the time of the Indian people, before the days of piracy and looting, the struggle for which the island nation has, for freedom and the present.